Gardening is far from an exact science. Even seasoned gardeners make errors, so if you’re a neophyte, you need not be afraid. Here are tips to help you get started in the right direction:
This is very simple but powerful advice for any determined beginner: thoroughly observe the spot where you intend to garden. How small or large is it? How windy is it on a typical day, and which way does the wind blow? Is it sunny or shady? Which parts get the most sun and for how long? Which specific areas are the shadiest and for how long? How do you plan to water the garden? Will you be able to use rainwater and how? What are the pH levels of the soil and every single nutrient found in it? How can you maximize the benefits offered by the space? How hot does it usually get in your area?
Try to answer each of the above questions with the best of your ability. After knowing these important details, you automatically increase your chances of success as a gardener.
Invest in your soil.
Soil that is rich in nutrients is healthy, and healthy soil is the secret to a productive vegetable garden. To let plants absorb the most nutrients and water, they have to source them from the inner depths of soil, which is possible through raised bed gardening. With this technique, you can maximize your use of the space and even increase yields significantly.
Plan and design your garden with care.
Analyze your plants’ needs and try to plant them in the most efficient way. For example, some plants writhe on the ground or climb on support, so installing nets, a trellis or grilles will make a huge difference.
Start with local plants.
Growing local plants is much easier, so you should start with them. Unlike exotic vegetables, which are very high maintenance, local vegetables are undemanding and will grow in nearly every soil type there is.
Learn how to water right.
When you water the right way, you increase your plant yield as well as keep pests and diseases at bay. The most effective way of irrigating garden plants is by using drip lines and soaker hoses, which take the water right where it should be, and gives the roots enough time to absorb water.
Be careful with pesticides.
Chemical pesticides are highly toxic even to beneficial insects and polinators, so avoid them completely. Instead, mix and match different natural ingredients and see which combinations work the most. For example, you can use garlic, onion, turmeric, and horticulture oils.
Most newbies think that the more fertilizers they apply, the better. This is totally wrong. Overfertilization actually kills a plant’s roots!Overfertilization can actually kill the roots of a plant. Have your soil tested to know which nutrients you should add and how much.